Pilates is a method of exercise devised in the 20th Century by Joseph H. Pilates, an early “exercise physiologist”, who believed in the principles of Centering, Control, Flow, Breath, Precision and Concentration. Pilates is a form of exercise that emphasizes the quality of movement, alignment, stability and attention to what the body is doing and optimal movement patterns, in order to achieve pain-free, stable, strong and long musculature. Joseph H Pilates believed that mental and physical health are interrelated and mutually inclusive, and it is through the mastery of body and mind control that optimal health can be achieved.
The method was originally designed to rehabilitate injured soldiers while they were bedbound and Joseph Pilates attached springs to their beds to allow them to maintain fitness while recovering. Pilates later started using the above principles with dancers and performers in New York City and many of the movements within the Pilates method mimic dance techniques.
Body Tone Pilates is a specialised form of exercise devised to combine traditional Pilates exercise methods with spring-loaded equipment (reformers) and floor exercises to improve body control, awareness, strength, endurance, tone and balance. Pilates focuses on strengthening the “core stability” muscles, such as the deep abdominal and pelvic floor muscles, that act as the support system for our spine and pelvis. Increases in core strength can lead to a reduction in low back and neck pain and improved body posture, movement and function.